مراحل جریان تاریخ‎نگاریِ جنگ ایران و عراق در غرب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار سازمان اسناد و کتابخانه ملی

چکیده

تاریخ‏نگاری جنگ ایران و عراق در غرب، اندکی پس از آغاز این نبرد تاکنون مورد اهتمامِ کارشناسان و استراتژیست‏های غربی قرار گرفته و تا امروز با دستاوردهایی قابلِ تأمل شامل بیش از شصت کتاب و صدها مقاله و سخنرانی، ادامه یافته است. با وجود این، شناخت آثار و نقد و تحلیل دیدگاه‏‏‏ها‏ی صاحب‏نظران غربی در این موضوع، به نحوی بایسته، مورد اهتمام پژوهشگران داخلی نبوده است. با تأمل بر نزدیک به چهار دهه تاریخ‌نگاری جنگ ایران و عراق در غرب، می‏توان آثار منتشرشده در دوره‏های تاریخی را‌ در پیوند با تحولات سیاسی و رخدادهای بیرونی، ذیل پنج مرحله طبقه‏بندی کرد. آشنایی با کلیاتی از ویژگی‏ها و سیر تحول هریک از مراحل تاریخ‌نگاری جنگ، موضوع اصلی این نوشتار است. این بررسی، کتاب‏های منتشرشده به زبان انگلیسی در اروپا و آمریکا را در نظر دارد که به روش توصیفی ـ تحلیلی و با بهره‏مندی بی‏واسطه از منابع مذکور انجام شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Phases of Historiography of Iran-Iraq War in the West

نویسنده [English]

  • Mahbobeh Shamshirgarha
Assistant Professor of National Library and Archives.
چکیده [English]

The historiography of Iran-Iraq war in the West, started shortly after the start of the battle, by the experts and strategists .It has been continued with remarkable gains through more than sixty books and hundreds of articles and speeches, since then. however, Iranians scholars have not have enough attention to this subject , so we do not see critical analysis about the views of Western strategists in Iran. But now, After nearly four decades of historiography of war in the West, we can classify the works in five phases based on the most important developments in the Persian Gulf region. It is possible to know the features of these phases and their evolutions because of relative similarity of Western works in each period. So, that is the main subject in this article. which reviews based on the books published in English, in Europe and America. We used the analytical method, with the use of these sources, directly.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Historiography
  • Western historiography
  • Iran-Iraq War
  • Historical analysis
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  2. Ashton, Nigel John  & Gibson, Bryan, The Iran-Iraq War: New International Perspectives, London: Routledge, 2014
  3. Bergquist, Ronald E, The Role of Airpower in the Iran-Iraq War, Alabama: Air University Press. 1988
  4. Bulloch, John  & Morris, Harvey,  The Gulf War: Origin, History and Consequences of Islam at War, London: Methuen Publishing, 1989
  5. Chubin, Shahram & Tripp, Charles  , Iran and Iraq at War. London: I.B.Tauris, 1988
  6. Chubin, Shahram, Iran and Its Neighbours: The Impact of the Gulf War, London: Centre for Security and Conflict Studies, Institute for the Study of Conflict, 1987
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