عنوان مقاله [English]
The method is closely related to the view point of to the subject of a scientific knowledge. So that, the Methodological features of a knowledge or science should be sought from the type of approach to this subject. Accordingly, in this study the Common methods of the Islamic historiography in relation to the kind of Muslim historians' view to the history knowledge, has been studied. Except for a few exceptional cases, Such as IbnKhaldun, the most common methodol-ogical approaches in Muslim historiography did not attended to the social realities in historical context; Because the main topic of Muslim historians were the historical narrative, not event or historical fact. As a result, the most common methodological approaches in historio-graphy of Muslims concentrated on capture and record of historical reports or narratives. Thus the methods of cognition and analyze of historical facts in tradition of Muslim historiography was remain neglected.